Subscribe

RSS Feed (xml)

Powered By

Skin Design:
Free Blogger Skins

Powered by Blogger

Selasa, 07 Desember 2010

Slim Healthy With Swimming

Mostly, people like to swim. Unfortunately, fun activities with the dip in the pool is more often simply acted while on vacation. In fact, many of the benefits you can feel if you do it regularly.

Swimming is a sport that can do all the people of any age or level of fitness conditions of any kind, even stroke patients and pregnant women are also advised to choose this sport. Not only that, it makes water sports as part of a weight loss program is also a good option.

Swimming is part of physiotherapy in the water. Anyone can swim and also a good way to maintain the condition of the body and burn calories. Will easily burn calories while you are swimming, because swimming movement works on all muscle, is different from regular fitness routines.

The theory behind this is the fact that water is added pressure 12 times greater than air, thus requiring more effort to move through the water. If the techniques in sports pool conducted properly, this activity is also good for maintaining muscle. Swimming useful build resilience to the respiratory muscles and heart.

Swimming is also believed to be a natural low-risk sports injuries. Unlike jogging and running, swimming does not provide too much pressure on the muscles and bones of the body. That is why the pool is known as a sport without risk, especially if you use the correct technique.

Buoyancy of water is known to support and sustain the body's 90 percent, so the water can act more like a cushion and protect you from injury.

In addition, the swim also have benefits like meditation. Therefore, water activity requires focus. You need to concentrate on movement and breathing rhythms. Most importantly, this exercise has a calming effect, so that could affect therapy to increase stamina.

Rabu, 27 Oktober 2010

Danger No Breakfast


A schedule of eating that is often forgotten is the breakfast. Breakfast is often overlooked simply because the reasons do not have time, get up late and so forth. In fact, breakfast is precisely the most important meal schedule.

If you regularly skip breakfast, this practice could endanger health. One of them, could increase the risk of heart disease. Avoid breakfast and select the move with an empty stomach can actually cause obesity. Excessive hunger before noon makes you eat more high fat foods. This can cause fat to accumulate around the abdomen, and improve cholesterol levels, which is a major risk factor for heart disease.

In addition, there was no food intake in the morning could also trigger higher insulin levels in the blood. If this condition goes on and on can be the precursor of diabetes. Those who are at risk of experiencing health problems due to neglect breakfast is an adult who regularly move without breakfast since the age they are still children, and the habit continued until they mature.

As a result, when they were in the late twenties, already detected that they have symptoms develop jantung.Selain disease, there is evidence that express, skipping breakfast can change the way you store body fat. Will accumulate more fat in the abdomen, which can be gelaja heart disease.

Selasa, 26 Oktober 2010

Avoided for Breast Cancer


Breast Cancer became the number two killer women after cervical cancer or cervical cancer. Up to now, unknown primary cause of this disease. In fact, young women also began to be threatened.

Early detection is needed to avoid breast cancer. Sometimes there are women who have made diet and healthy lifestyle, but still experiencing this disease. In addition to early detection, each woman also needs to enrich the information on this disease. Every 2 years began doing breast ultrasound, and regular check-ups. Women also need to know its risk factors.

The following risk factors that could cause breast cancer:
1. Not having children
2. Women over age 35 years
3. Genetic factors or genetic risk of breast cancer can be from 5 to 7.5 percent
4. Women who had suffered from benign breast tumors when young
5. Obesity factor
6. Women are more often active at night. This can happen because the hormone melatonin, which is getting lower and cause the hormone estrogen increases

Minggu, 24 Oktober 2010

Four Things Can Damage Teeth


There are some habits that you might not have thought could lead to dental problems. Tooth decay is triggered not only lazy habit of brushing teeth. There are some habits that you might not have thought could lead to dental problems.

Here are four trigger tooth decay is not known to many people, as quoted from Shine.

1. Acid drinks
Recent research Birmingham University found that consumption of sports drinks supplements trigger serious dental erosion and infection. Researchers tested two unnamed drinks and found levels that can shed tooth enamel.

The condition is likely due to the acidity levels that are contrary to normal PH balance of the mouth. Chemicals such as soda with aspartame acid also can make the teeth have worn. In fact, highly acidic juice can also cause infection and erosion from time to time.

2. Lipstick smear
According to the research team from the University of Sao Paulo, Brazil, lipstick contains paraffin which can erode tooth enamel. When eroded enamel, the teeth become porous and creates the growth of bacteria. The effect is tooth decay, infection and fracture. Instead, choose a lipstick that does not contain paraffin.

3. Carbohydrate
High carbohydrate snack products are also not good for teeth. Once broken down into simple sugars that the effect is the same as sugar on the teeth. Sugar causing bacteria and plaque that causes gum disease and tooth cavity.

4. Too often brushing
According to the American Dental Association, brushing too often can make the abrasion on the teeth. Akibatkanya teeth become more sensitive and easier to feel pain. To avoid this, choose a toothbrush that is soft and hairy special toothpaste for sensitive teeth.

Six Ways to Conserve Water


During this time you may not be difficult to get clean water. Although so if you do not save water and keep it, it is not possible within the next few years could be a need for clean water is scarce.

That's why you should start the habit of saving water. Many ways you can do to keep the water clean from now on, the following six-way.

1. Avoid plastic bottles
Mineral water packed in disposable plastic bottles is very inefficient. Packaging plastic bottles are very difficult to break down in the soil, to parse even take a long time. Toxins in plastic bottles can also contaminate soil and water resources. We recommend using bottles that can be used multiple times and replenished.

2. Use a water filter
If you are concerned with water quality, to get drinking water use water filter equipment. More efficient because you do not need to buy water every time and does not require a plastic gallon. Easy, inexpensive and free of garbage.

3. Put the shower
Place the shower is closer to the head. This will make you berbilas faster, so the bath can be done in five minutes maximum of 10 minutes.

4. Replace flush toilet
Many toilets are wasteful of water. If your toilet so immediately replace with the new, more efficient flush water.

5. Cut grass
Do not be too much to plant grass. To maintain it requires a lot of water. Select only plants that are not too much water to maintain it. You can ask the seller of the plant.

6. Do not let the faucet is leaking
Immediately repair or replace it if there is a leaking faucet. Let it will only make the water wasted. Not to mention the pump that can be constantly lit. Not only saves water but also electricity.

Selasa, 28 September 2010

Fight Diabetes with Seaweed


Trouble with diabetes? Could be, seaweed solution. Thus the results of medical research, published magazines Plant Foods for Human Nutrition December 2008 issue. According to research from the University Awai K Aomori, Japan, the content of methanol extracts from seaweeds Echlonia type stolonifera efficacious as anti-diabetic and anti-oxidants. Test efficacy studies that brown seaweed using rats exposed to diabetes and in vitro methods.
The content of high-level polyfenol strongly inhibit alpha-glucosidase in vitro and prevent the increase in plasma glucose and lipid peroxide levels in a rat experiment in small doses. The study also showed that rats fed seaweed extract for four weeks could reduce the high levels of plasma glucose after the animals were given a sugar crystal.

Inhibition of alpha-glucosidase is an effective way to prevent the development of diabetes. Control of blood glucose is also essential for hyperglycemic patients. Awai concluded that seaweed type E. stolonifera useful as a food is healthy and has the effect of anti-diabetic and antioxidant in vivo. In addition, seaweed is also useful to prevent diabetes and is also useful for development as anti-diabetic medication and entered as a healthy food menu. (Material taken from foodconsumer.org)

For Outstanding Career Stay on Top


This article takes from Vivanews.com. Have fallen from their peak to a place you never imagined before? This condition may occur. Many people are already at the top, had suffered a career decline. Maintaining a career position is more difficult than building. Therefore, if you want to stay at the top, you need to have a powerful strategy.

It takes investment 'assets' you to keep and maintain the success you have achieved today. These assets, among others:

1. Time
Time is the most valuable. If passed, the time can not be returned. Thus, use of time as possible just for the things that is oriented around the growth and stability of your career. Allocate your time only for productive activities and important.

2. Material
Building wealth is not only knowing the strategy earn big. But we also need to know about managing money. The trick is simple, larger servings of 'rice' (read: money) is invested back instead of rice consumed.

No matter how much your current income, try to reinvest the money. Usefulness, can be a 'pillar' career when you have a problem, so that your life is not really collapsed. Even possible that with this investment you can have a new career in addition to a career in which you worked today.

3. The people around you
Humans are social beings. Therefore, in reaching for something, people need other people, whether family, leaders in the office, colleagues, and so forth. Invest these people a way to give good treatments, so when you need them, they are happy to support you. Remember, people outside of yourself you can build once you drop.

Selasa, 10 Agustus 2010

CANCER TREATMENT: Radiation Therapy


Therapeutic radiology uses high-energy particles or waves, such as X rays or gamma rays, to focus damaging radiation on the region of a tumor, inflicting genetic damage that kills cancerous cells. Radiation therapy damages rapidly dividing cells, mostly cancer cells but also healthy cells that reproduce quickly. This leads to side effects such as fatigue, skin changes, and loss of appetite.


Other side effects usually are related to the treatment of specific areas, such as hair loss following radiation treatment to the head. Radiation therapy can also cause a decrease in the number of white blood cells, cells that help protect the body against infection. Most side effects are short-lived, as healthy tissues recover from radiation much better than cancer cells because healthy cells repair damaged DNA more efficiently.


Many short doses of radiation therapy, instead of fewer heavier doses, can minimize side effects. The total dose and the number of treatments depend on the size, location, and type of cancer and the patient’s general health. Patients usually receive radiation therapy five days a week for five to eight weeks. Weekend rest breaks allow normal cells to recover.


Unlike surgery, radiation can destroy microscopic cancer cells that have moved into surrounding tissues. Radiation is also a safer option for older patients or those weakened from other diseases, who may not recover well from surgery. Oncologists may use radiation to shrink the tumor, making surgery feasible. For other tumors, radiation may be used following surgery. However, radiation does not always eliminate all tumor cells, and it cannot treat widespread metastases. Like surgery, radiation therapy may be used to relieve pain and discomfort, even when a cure is not likely.

Sabtu, 24 Juli 2010

CANCER TREATMENT: Surgery

Oncologists select from a number of options when treating cancer, depending on the type and stage of the tumor involved. The major treatments currently available are surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and immunotherapy. Often, targeting cancerous tumors requires the artful combination of more than one type of cancer therapy.

Surgery is the most effective and fastest treatment for tumors that are caught early and have not metastasized. It is the only option ensuring that the entire visible tumor is eliminated. However, there is no guarantee that all microscopic extensions of a tumor have been removed. For this reason, surgeons may also remove a large portion of healthy tissue that surrounds the tumor. This may not be possible if the tumor lies near or within a vital tissue, such as a major nerve or organ.

Often, cancer surgery requires general anesthesia, in which the patient loses consciousness, and a hospital stay of several days. For example, women with breast cancer may have a lumpectomy or mastectomy, surgical removal of part (or all) of the breast. Depending on the stage of the tumor, doctors may also remove the nearby lymph nodes and muscle tissue. As with any major surgery, mastectomies and other major surgical cancer treatments involve some risk, and doctors must consider the overall health of the patient, as well as the stage of the tumor.

Some cancers can be treated surgically with less-invasive techniques, such as laser surgery. Laser surgery uses a powerful beam of high-energy light to vaporize certain tumors of the cervix, larynx, and skin. Physicians perform laser surgery with an endoscope inserted through a small incision in the skin. Laser surgery and other less-invasive surgical procedures may require only local anesthesia, in which a patient loses feeling in one particular area of the body but never loses consciousness.

Sometimes oncologists recommend surgery to improve a patient’s quality of life, even if it is not likely to rid the body of cancer. Surgery of this type aims to correct a problem that is causing discomfort or disability. For example, some cancers may spread to the spine, pressing on the spinal cord or nearby nerves. This pressure may cause severe pain, and in some instances, paralysis. Surgical removal of all or part of the tumor near the spine may alleviate these symptoms.

Rabu, 21 Juli 2010

DIAGNOSA CANCER BY STAGING


In previous writings I wrote an article Diagnosis of Cancer by Detection of Cancer, now I'll write a continuation of the article. When a tumor is detected, the physician takes a biopsy by removing a sample of the tissue. The biopsy sample is inspected under a microscope to determine if the tumor is benign or malignant. Cancerous cells usually appear abnormal in shape and no longer orient themselves in orderly configurations. If the tumor is cancerous, the physician assigns it a stage, indicating how far cancer has spread. The stage is a key factor in determining both the cancer’s treatment and prognosis.

Oncologists, physicians who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer, use several different staging systems. In one system, tumors are grouped into four stages denoted by Roman numerals I through IV. Stage I cancers are small localized cancers that are usually curable. Stage II and III tumors are usually locally advanced and may or may not have invaded nearby lymph nodes, and stage IV tumors have usually metastasized—that is, spread to distant tissues in the body.

The most widely used staging system is the Tumor, Lymph Node, and Metastasis system, commonly abbreviated TNM. This system uses numbers between zero and three to assess the size of the tumor (T), the extent that it has spread to nearby lymph nodes (N), and the extent that it has spread throughout the body (M). A cancer’s stage depends on a combination of these numbers. For example, a T-1, N-0, and M-0 tumor is a stage 1 tumor. This tumor is 2 cm (1 in) or less (T-1) and has not spread to nearby lymph nodes (accounting for N-0) or metastasized (M-0). The five-year survival rate for a patient with this stage tumor is accordingly excellent. A T-3, N-1, and M-0 tumor is a stage 3 tumor.

This tumor is greater than 5 cm (2 in) and has spread to nearby lymph nodes, but there is no evidence that the cancer has spread to distant tissues. The five-year survival rate for a patient with this tumor is not as high as the T-1, N-0, M-0 patient. Stage 4 tumors are distinguished by an M-1 number. This means they have progressed to the point where metastasis is widespread, and the prognosis is usually quite poor.

Senin, 12 Juli 2010

DIAGNOSIS OF CANCER BY DETECTION OF CANCER


Diagnosis of cancer often begins when a person notices an unusual health symptom and consults a doctor. Early warning signs of cancer include changes in bowel or bladder habits, a sore that does not heal, unusual bleeding or discharge, thickening or a lump in the breast or any other part of the body, indigestion or difficulty swallowing, change in appearance of a wart or mole, or a nagging cough or hoarseness.

People with early warning signs should consult their family doctor, who will evaluate symptoms and may refer the patient to a physician who specializes in cancer. A physician will first take the patient’s medical history to learn about current symptoms, past history of disease, and family members diagnosed with cancer. The procedures used in a physical exam depend on the patient’s clinical symptoms and may include a digital rectal examination, in which the physician uses a gloved finger to gently check the smoothness of the rectal lining. The physician may perform a breast exam on female patients, in which the breasts are gently probed to feel for lumps or unusual masses.

During the examination the physician may use a thin, lighted tube called an endoscope to look for tumors in internal body cavities. The endoscopy procedure used depends on the organ or body cavity examined. In gastric endoscopy, the doctor feeds a specialized endoscope down the throat to examine the lining of the esophagus, stomach, and first part of the small intestine. Fiberoptic sigmoidoscopy, in which a flexible instrument is inserted into the lower intestinal tract through the anus, enables a physician to visually examine the interior of the colon and rectum. Colonoscopy uses a much longer flexible instrument to view the entire length of the large intestine.

A number of laboratory tests help narrow the possible diagnoses. In a Pap smear, cells are removed from the cervical epithelium with a small plastic brush. These cells are examined under a microscope for cell changes that are a sign that cancer may be developing as well as signs of malignancy. If a patient’s clinical signs suggest colorectal cancer, the doctor may search for blood in the stool using a fecal occult blood test. A small sample of the patient’s stool is smeared on a card coated with a chemical called guaiac, which reacts with blood. The card is analyzed in a laboratory for occult (hidden) blood. Certain blood tests determine if levels of red and white blood cells are low, a possible indication of leukemia. Others test for the presence of tumor markers, chemicals that are present in higher levels when certain cancers are present. For example, a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test measures levels of prostate-specific antigen in the blood. Prostate cancer cells overproduce this protein, causing an elevation of PSA levels in blood.

Medical imaging techniques help doctors locate and evaluate a tumor. These include computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. CT and MRI scans use computers to form a three-dimensional image of the tumor and surrounding tissues. X-ray images of the breast called mammograms help physicians detect and evaluate breast cancer. Ultrasound scanning bounces high-frequency sound waves off a tumor and surrounding tissue to create an image of the tumor. The multimodality display technique combines the images from several imaging tools into one picture, providing a final three-dimensional image with much greater detail. Computer-aided diagnosis uses complex computer programming technology called artificial intelligence to scan mammograms and X rays to help look for signs of cancer and offer an automated second opinion.

Senin, 28 Juni 2010

CAUSES OF CANCER

Cancer can develop in the human body, where this discussion has been detailed in previous posts. In this article will discuss about the things that cause cancer.

Scientists do not fully understand the causes of cancer, but studies show that some people are more likely to develop the disease than others. Scientists called epidemiologists study particular populations to identify why cancer rates vary. One method they use is to compare cancer patients with healthy people in terms of behavior such as diet, exercise, and smoking and traits such as gender, age, and race. Population studies provide useful information about risk factors that increase the likelihood of developing cancer.

1. Carcinogens

One of the greatest risk factors for cancer is prolonged or repeated exposure to carcinogens—chemical, biological, or physical agents that cause the cellular damage that leads to cancer. The details of how carcinogens cause cancer remain unclear. One theory is that exposure to carcinogens, when combined with the effects of aging, causes an increase in chemicals in the body called free radicals. An excessive number of free radicals causes damage by taking negatively charged particles called electrons from key cellular components of the body, such as DNA. This may make genes more vulnerable to the mutating effects of carcinogens.

2. Hereditary Factors

Evidence suggests that heredity plays a role in developing cancer. Some gene mutations associated with cancer are inherited. For example, inheriting mutated tumor suppressor genes BRCA1 or BRCA2 greatly increases a woman’s chances of developing breast cancer. About 50 to 60 percent of women with inherited BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations will develop breast cancer by the age of 70. Inherited mutations in the genes MSH2, MLH1, PMS1, and PMS2, all of which repair DNA, are especially prevalent in a rare form of hereditary colon cancer.

Scientists suspect that many other hereditary factors contribute to cancer. In addition to inherited mutations, other genetic variations, particularly those influencing how the body responds to carcinogens, may create a greater susceptibility to cancer. The identities of the majority of these genetic variations are not yet known.

3. Steroid Hormones

Medical research suggests that cancers of the reproductive organs may be affected by naturally occurring steroid hormones produced by the endocrine system. These hormones stimulate reproductive organ cells to divide and grow. In women, relatively high or long exposure to the female sex hormone estrogen seems to increase the risk of breast and uterine cancers.

Thus, early age at first menstruation, late age at menopause, having a first child after age 30, and never having children, all of which affect the duration of estrogen exposure in the body, increase the risk for these cancers. Studies also indicate that hormone replacement therapy (HRT), in which women take estrogen to offset the unpleasant effects of menopause, increases the risk of breast cancer. Male sex hormones, particularly testosterone, appear to play a role in cancers of the male reproductive organs, but this role is not yet well understood.

4. Population Demographics

Population studies show that a person’s age, race, and gender affect the probability that he or she will develop cancer. Most cancers occur in adults middle-aged or older. The risk of cancer increases as individuals age because genetic mutations accumulate slowly over many years, and the older a person is, the more likely that he or she will have accumulated the collection of mutations necessary to turn an otherwise healthy cell into a cancerous cell.

More than three-fourths of all cancers in North America are diagnosed in people over age 55. Statistics show that men are more likely to develop cancer than women. In the United States, nearly half of all men will develop cancer at some point in their lifetimes, whereas slightly more than one-third of women will.

Stomach cancer is nearly twice as common in men as in women, as are certain types of kidney cancer. However, the reasons for the discrepancy between the sexes are unknown. Some cancers are more prevalent in particular races than others. In the United States, for example, bladder cancer is twice as common in white people as in black people. White women are slightly more likely to develop breast cancer than are black women, but black women are more likely to die of the disease.

Asian, Hispanic, and Native American women have the lowest breast cancer risk. On the whole, African Americans, especially men, are more likely to develop cancer—and more likely to die from it—than members of any other group in the United States. Reasons for the discrepancies between races are still not entirely clear, but many epidemiologists trace them to differences in diet and exercise, unequal access to medical care, and exposure to carcinogens.

Jumat, 25 Juni 2010

HOW CAN CANCER DEVELOP IN OUR BODY: CELLS BREAK FREE AND SPREAD

More cancer, more cancer again, the reader may get bored with this article, but this information must I provide to be a lesson for us. Cancer can develop in the human body, therefore I think we need to know how the cancer can develop in the body. This article is a continuation of previous articles that discuss the same topic. Evading the many obstacles that guard against runaway cell division is still not enough for cancer to develop. A malfunctioning cell must also skirt a number of safety mechanisms designed to prevent cells from growing where they are not supposed to in the body.

Normal cells adhere to each other and to a fibrous meshwork called an extracellular matrix. This matrix exists throughout all tissues and provides the structural support on which cells grow and form organs and other complex tissues. While a normal cell will often die if it cannot adhere to an extracellular matrix, cancer cells survive without this matrix.

1. Tumor Forms

A tumor is a mass of cells not dependent upon an extracellular matrix. These cells can grow on top of each other, creating a mass of abnormal cells. Often a tumor develops its own network of tiny blood vessels to supply itself with nutrient-rich blood, a process called angiogenesis.

There are two general types of tumors. Benign tumors do not invade other tissues and are limited to one site, making surgical removal possible and the odds for a full recovery excellent. Some benign tumors are quite harmless and are not surgically removed unless they are unsightly or uncomfortable. For example, warts are benign tumors of the outer layer of the skin. Although they are usually not dangerous, warts may cause discomfort. Other benign tumors are thought to be precursors to cancerous, or malignant, tumors.

2. Tumors Spread

Tumors are malignant only if they can invade other parts of the body. Malignant tumors extend into neighboring tissue or travel to distant sites, forming secondary growths known as metastases. To metastasize, tumor cells break through a nearby blood vessel to enter the circulatory system or through a lymphatic vessel wall to enter the lymphatic system. Most metastases occur in organs that are the next site downstream in the circulatory system or the lymphatic system and contain a network of capillaries, or small blood vessels. For example, cancer of the large intestine often travels through the bloodstream to the liver, the organ immediately downstream from the intestines.
In the lymphatic system, tumor cells can spread to surrounding lymph nodes, or lymph glands. Normally, lymph nodes filter out and destroy infectious materials circulating in the lymphatic system.
The unique receptors on the surface of a cell may also play a role in where tumors metastasize. Specialized molecules on a cell’s surface identify where in the body the cell belongs. Similar cells adhere to one another when their surface receptors are compatible. Most often cells from different tissues and organs have incompatible surface receptors.

However, some tissue types share similar surface receptors, enabling cancerous cells to move between them and proliferate. Prostate cells and bone cells, for example, have similar surface receptors. This gives prostate cancer cells a natural affinity for bone tissue, where they can settle to form a new tumor.

Many cancers shed cells into the bloodstream early in their growth. Most of these cells die in the bloodstream, but some lodge against the surface of the blood vessel walls, eventually breaking through them and into adjacent tissue.

In some cases, these cells survive and grow into a tumor. Others may divide only a few times, forming a small nest of cells that remain dormant as a micrometastasis. They may remain dormant for many years, only to grow again for reasons not yet known.

Senin, 21 Juni 2010

HOW CAN CANCER DEVELOP IN OUR BODY: BODY SECURITY SYSTEM FAILED


Some time ago I wrote an article about how cancer develops?now I'll write a continuation of the article, how the cancer can develop in our body. While each human cell performs its own specialized function, it also exerts influence on the cells around it. Cells communicate with one another via receptors, protein molecules on the cell surface. A cell releases chemical messages, which fit into the surface receptors of cells nearby, much as a key fits into a lock. A cell may instruct other cells in its neighborhood to divide, for example, by releasing a growth-promoting signal, or growth factor.

The growth factor binds to receptors on adjacent cells, activating a message within each individual cell. This message travels to the nucleus, where a cell’s genes are located.

1. Proto-Oncogenes Become Oncogenes

When the growth factor message reaches the cell nucleus, it activates genes called proto-oncogenes. These genes produce proteins that stimulate the cell to divide. In cancerous cells, mutations in proto-oncogenes cause these genes to malfunction.

When a proto-oncogene mutates, it becomes an oncogene—a gene that instructs the cell to grow nd divide repeatedly without stimulation from neighboring cells. Some oncogenes overproduce growth factors, causing the cell to divide too often.

Other oncogenes stimulate the cell to reproduce even when no growth factor is present. Cancer researchers have identified about 100 different types of proto-oncogenes and their cancer-causing oncogene counterparts.

2. Tumor Suppressor Genes Stop Working

When runaway cell division occurs, it does not necessarily lead to cancer. Neighboring cells respond by excreting a growth inhibitor. This chemical binds to receptors in the malfunctioning cell, sending a signal to the nucleus that activates tumor suppressor genes. Tumor suppressor genes are like brakes for cell growth.

When activated, these genes halt the cell cycle, preventing further cell division. But if tumor suppressor genes malfunction due to mutations, the rapidly dividing cell ignores messages from its neighbors telling it to stop dividing. Malfunctioning tumor suppressor genes are not enough to cause cancer—the cell still must overcome a host of other safety mechanisms before it can cause truly significant damage.

3. Cell Cycle Clock Malfunctions

The cell nucleus contains a collection of interacting proteins that control cell division. Sometimes called the cell cycle clock, this group of proteins interprets incoming messages at several checkpoints in the cell division cycle.
At these checkpoints, the clock evaluates the health of the cell. If conditions are right, the clock activates certain proto-oncogenes, which produce proteins that trigger the cell to enter the next stage of the cell cycle. If conditions are not right, certain tumor suppressor genes produce proteins that prevent the cell from proceeding with cell division.

Sabtu, 19 Juni 2010

HOW CANCER DEVELOPS


Some time ago I wrote about what it was cancer, well now who will write about how the cancer could develop in the human body, so that we can take advantage to be able to avoid cancer.

A healthy human body is composed of 30 trillion cells, most of which are in constant turnover as cells die and others reproduce to replace them in an orderly fashion. Healthy cells of the skin, hair, lining of the stomach, and blood, for example, regularly reproduce by dividing to form two daughter cells.

This cell division cycle proceeds under the regulation of the body’s intricately tuned control system. Among other functions, this control system ensures that cells only divide when needed, so that organs and tissues maintain their correct shape and size. Should this system fail, a variety of backup safety mechanisms prevent the cell from dividing uncontrollably. In order for a cell to become cancerous, every one of these safety mechanisms must fail.

Cancer begins in genes, bits of biochemical instructions composed of individual segments of the long, coiled molecule deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). Genes contain the instructions to make proteins, molecular laborers that serve as building blocks of cells, control chemical reactions, or transport materials to and from cells.

The proteins produced in a human cell determine the function of each cell, and ultimately, the function of the entire body. In a cancerous cell, permanent gene alterations, or mutations, cause the cell to malfunction. For a cell to become cancerous, usually three to seven different mutations must occur in a single cell. These genetic mutations may take many years to accumulate, but the convergence of mutations enables the cell to become cancerous.

Jumat, 18 Juni 2010

CANCER


Introduction

Cancer , any of more than 100 diseases characterized by excessive, uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells, which invade and destroy other tissues. Cancer develops in almost any organ or tissue of the body, but certain types of cancer are more life-threatening than others. In the United States and Canada cancer ranks as the second leading cause of death, exceeded only by heart disease.

For reasons not well understood, cancer rates vary by gender, race, and geographic region. For instance, more men than women develop cancer, and African Americans are more likely to develop cancer than people of any other racial group in North America. The frequency of certain cancers also varies globally. For example, breast cancer is more common in wealthy countries, and cervical cancer is more common in poor countries.
Although people of all ages develop cancer, most types of cancer are more common in people over the age of 50.
Cancer usually develops gradually over many years, the result of a complex mix of environmental, nutritional, behavioral, and hereditary factors. Scientists do not completely understand the causes of cancer, but they know that certain lifestyle choices can reduce the risk of developing many types of cancer. Not smoking, eating a healthy diet, and exercising moderately for at least 30 minutes each day can lower the likelihood of developing cancer.

Just 60 years ago a cancer diagnosis carried little hope for survival because doctors understood little about the disease and how to control it. Today about two-thirds of all Americans diagnosed with cancer live longer than five years. While it is difficult to claim that a cancer patient is disease free, long-term survival significantly improves if the patient has had no recurrence of the cancer for five years after the initial diagnosis. For years, death rates from cancer were rising in developing countries. In 2006 the American Cancer Society reported that the number of cancer deaths in the United States dropped for two years in a row. The decrease was attributed to a decline in smoking, earlier detection, and improved treatment.

Jumat, 11 Juni 2010

THALASSEMIA

Thalassemia

Leukemia

Leukemia

LEUKEMIA


Know the Early Symptoms of Leukemia

Leukemia destroy white blood cells or in the language of medicine called a white blood cell (WBC). With early recognition and treatment, the chance to recover from this disease will be better. The following are early symptoms of leukemia you need to know:

1. You often feel tired? Leukemia can cause you to tire easily, because of the increased production of white blood cells resulted in a large energy absorption of the body.

2. Is your weight continues to decrease? Would you eat a portion as usual, but your clothes getting loose? Leukemia causes reduced body weight, due to increased production of white blood cells to absorb many calories your body.

3. Record the frequency of headaches and feeling / dizziness and sometimes led to confusion. Increased production of white blood cells that normally do not penetrate into the possibility of central nervous system.

4th. Does your child often bleeding, nosebleeds, or appear bruised in several parts of her body? This is a common symptom of leukemia in children. Besides the red spots appear on the body, which is a common symptom of leukemia other children, is associated with swelling of the spleen and liver.

5. Check your type of paleness. Is your brightness and your face began redum kebinaran? This is also a common symptom of leukemia. Increased production of white blood cells that are not normally possible 'urgent' your red blood cells, thus making you be like less blood.

6. Check your lymph glands. Feel something under your armpits or on your throat. Do you feel a lump or swelling in there kind? Swollen lymph nodes are symptoms of leukemia symptoms

7. Try to feel and remember if you ever find a mild infection but did not get well? Even though your body continues to produce white blood cells, as anti body and your body against infection., But the white blood cells produced from the leukemia-affected person's body is not perfect and can not protect your body.

8. Check your spleen in a way: you lie in bed, place your palms on the left abdomen, below the rib cage. Feel if there is a small bump-bump there. This includes symptoms of leukemia.

9. Feel, do you often accompanied by night sweats and abdominal pain in the bones nausea / bloating. Waspadilah, karenatanda these signs are symptoms of leukemia.

Minggu, 09 Mei 2010

Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer

Rabu, 05 Mei 2010

Cancer Treatments And The Death Of Common Sense

We have a bizarre system in place today that says when someone is diagnosed with cancer we must subject the body to mutilating surgery, burn the body with nuclear radiation or we poison the body with chemotherapy to try and remedy the problem. All of which have life threatening side effects.

When a person is first diagnosed with a serious health problem like cancer, they are already undergoing a major health crisis so does it make sense to harm the body further in an attempt to remove these unwanted growths.

All cancers are self caused and all cancers happen for a reason and that reason is because of the way we are now living. A cancer growth is only a sign that the cells of the body didn't stop dividing when they were supposed to and surgery, radiation and chemotherapy are not going to fix that. A wise patient will first apply some common sense to the problem, something that is seriously lacking in today's world of mainstream treatments for cancer.

What people don't realize is we already have a cure for cancer and that is to use our bodies built in repair system that can reverse any health problem we may encounter. It's called the immune system and common sense should tell you it needs to be nurtured, not destroyed. This system is your body's powerful self healing organism.

What do you think has repaired the cuts, bruises, broken bone, colds, influenza and other illnesses you have experienced throughout your life' It's not your doctor; it's your immune system so why wouldn't it be capable of removing your cancer as well. The human body can, with the right conditions heal itself accomplishing what no doctor, surgeon or any other health professional could ever hope to achieve. Care and not treatments is the key and that is to facilitate the God given healing capacity that all of us have.

Our bodies strive to heal themselves automatically every single day. What you need to do to assist it is to remove the barriers that are stopping it from healing. It is these barriers that have caused the problem in the first place and that is what is called applying common sense to the problem.

Unfortunately money as usual plays a big part in what is on offer as cancer treatments today. The powerful cancer industry has total control over the market place including any treatments that doctors are allowed to use. We of course have blind faith in our medical system and mistakenly believe they hold the answers to all our health problems.

To heal yourself of cancer forever you need to step outside this system of toxic treatments and assist the body in healing itself which it will do.

A true cure for cancer will only be achieved when a patient stimulates their own body's defense system and there are only natural ways to do that.

Sabtu, 01 Mei 2010

Rabu, 28 April 2010

Selasa, 27 April 2010

Rabu, 21 April 2010

HUD Apartement for Rent

Now with limited land available modern society is more like living in an apartment. But that obstacle is the rental or purchase price of an expensive apartment. This is why people with low income groups hard to stay in the apartment.

Not everyone can afford to rent an apartment for the residence of his family because of economic conditions that are less fortunate. But those with such conditions need not worry because we can find a cheap apartment provided by social groups. We can find on the internet and we will find the apartment easily.

But now these low income groups do not need to worry because now there is HUD apartments for rent at affordable prices. HUD apartements for rent designed for people who want to live in a better place but can not afford so they can live in a good place. Not everyone can apply for a subsidized apartment hud though. HUD wants to help those who really need it, so to live in HUD Apartments for rent, you must meet their income guidelines. This guide can be found on the HUD website or in the estate agents in your area.

To rent a HUD apartment is quite easy, you just fill out the application and within a few weeks will be contacted by HUD and if the proficiency level in these application is approved, then you already can live in apartments HUD, for further information please visit the web site www.yousaytoo.com, hopefully you can live comfortably in apartments.

Minggu, 11 April 2010

Favorite Female Sex Aids

After a few days ago I wrote about How the strategy so that women can reach climax, so now I'll write about the preferred sex aids female. This article takes from Viva News.com.

If the term 'sex toys' to make you blush, that's fair. For most women, sex aids that as something strange and frightening. Especially the people who embrace Eastern culture.

Terror was not only triggered the alienation of the object, but also various forms which often makes surprise. While for some couples, sex aids is an important element to enhance the harmony of relationships.

"My principle, sex aids you may not need, but sometimes can make you feel more happy, sexy and feminine," said Dana B. Myers, founder of Booty Parlor, sexy online boutique with clients such as Angelina Jolie, Carmen Electra, and Jennifer Love Hewitt.

If you have never known, the following six tools are the most popular love women.

1. Classic Vibrator
This tool is usually the best choice for beginners. "He has a thud, pitter-patter, and the silence that will give pleasure orgasm totally," said Dana Myers explained one product merchandise.

2. Couples vibrators
"For women that are difficult to experience orgasm during intercourse, it is necessary to try using a small vibrator for penetration to turn the atmosphere," said Dr. Joy, a sex therapist from New York. You could try using phone vibration.

3. Wand g-spot
Make this tool quite helpful touch g-spot area. Usually made of 316-grade stainless steel (same material used in hip replacement) with a curved design. This environmentally friendly stick can make a more substantial penetration. "You can regulate the temperature of heat because this thing is incredible," said Dr. Joy.

4. Crotchless panties
As women, we are fully aware of the power of sexy lingerie. Myers suggested that one of his collection crotchless panties. "Elements of this peek-a-boo bikinis very seductive and can make a couple more excited," said Myers.

5. Essential Oils
One of the products are in great demand as a plant essential oil is a natural hormone. One of the products on the market is Zestra, which is a mixture of essential oils and plant extracts. The benefit is claimed to be able to increase sensitivity in minutes and its effect can last up to 45 minutes.

6. High heel shoes
A pair of high heels can become elements of the ultra-sexy to entice couples. Super sexy shoes are usually relied upon to arouse the mood couples who are not excited.

Senin, 05 April 2010

The Female Orgasm- Find Out The Only Way To Make Her Climax

COMMUNICATIONS between the pair played a key role in enabling women to feel satisfaction during lovemaking. Couples must be intimate enough to share their feelings, interests, things are not favored, and so forth.You are in luck because today, you will learn how to give a woman the best orgasm in his life. You'll learn the only way to make the climax and you'll find the only way to make this happen.

You will easily be the best he had ever had you learn this secret. You will be able to makeher orgasm easily and you will not be embarrassed or suffer through another frustrating. This is a simple wayto give her an orgasm and you can take comfort in knowing that it worked.Clinically, as revealed Ayurvediccure Magazine, female sexual response sisted of four different stages to stimuli that come to him.

The intensity and duration of each stage will be different on each woman. the same woman, the difference will also occur, depending on changes in physical and psychological condition. The first stage is excitement. Fun woman triggered by physical stimulation and psychological (emotional).
Forms of physical stimulation may be a caress, kiss, massage, and so while the psychic timulation can waged in the form of flattery, praise, words of erotic, and others.Other bodily changes that occur when women feel the joy of sex is an increase in heart rate, respiratory, and vaginal slightly enlarged. Increasing the amount of vaginal lubrication as a result of rapidly increasing flow blood in this area became an important change that occurred during the first stage.

The second stage is called the plateau continued happiness (stable level). Changes in the body, such as slightly expands the vagina, increased heart rate, swollen breasts, putting straightened breast, uterus appeared up and down, and muscle tension found throughout this phase. The third stage is orgasm. This stage allows the occurrence of muscle contraction the vagina, rectum, and stomach. Thisis the stage where pleasure is marked by the loss of muscle control accidentally.

And the last stage is the stage of completion in which the blood flowed freely, out of the vaginal area due to enjoyment was in the climax. This stage is marked by the shrinking of the breasts and nipples. Increased pulse heart, blood pressure, and respiration also returned to normal. However, the extent to which each woman experiences these stages, is highly variable.

A woman wants to make a man feel desired and sexy. A woman wants a man who will make him feel like he is the sexiest women on earth. A woman wants to feel the hands of a male throughout her body, caressing her entire body. Most of all, a woman wants to feel special and he wants you to make her feel special in the bedroom.You must learn how to be a gentle man with him. You must learn how to take it slow sometimes. In addition, you must be gentle. Do not rub her clit to the point where he's pulling your handsgo. You can be rude to him during sex but not during intimate moments.

Now you must learn How to be a gentle man in the bedroom so you can give pleasure he was seeking.The more aroused you are before you get into the main event, the better will be. Make sure you make it wet dripping with excitement and it makes your job much easier. He will reach a climax in a short time.

Sabtu, 03 April 2010

Avoiding Complications of Disease due to Diabetes

After a month ago I wrote about tips on hair care in order to look more beautiful, so now I write about diabetes.

A disease that can carry other diseases if we are not vigilant. Diabetics can experience various complications, ranging cardiovascular diseases such as stroke or attackheart,
kidney failure, impotence, blindness, until the skin infection. World Health Organization (WHO) said cardiovascular disease is the most common complication and cause 50% to 80% of deaths in diabetics (diabetes).

Another common complication of diabetes is neuropathy. Mentioned study, approximately 50% are diabetics experiencing complications. Neuropathy causes loss of sensory capabilities and impotence. Tens of years with diabetes typically experience visual disturbances organs (retinopathy). Based on research, about 2% of diabetics experiencing blindness and 10% experienced severe visual disability in year 15. Similarly, kidney failure, diabetes is one of the main causes of kidney failure.

Other diseases that may arise as they often have diabetes, do not seek treatment and regular blood sugar checks. Excessive sugar levels cause blood sugar to thicken and leak. Also causes thickening of blood flow is reduced, particularly those headed to the skin and nerves. If blood flow was blocked, the supply of nutrients to the parts is also reduced, causing damage and lead to other diseases.

Regular blood sugar control is key to controlling this disease, at least once a month and that too depends on the condition of the patient, if the conditions are good could be more, but can also be done every day if necessary. Noteworthy is that the disease was brought to life, this disease can not be cured but can be controlled. And people with diabetes should be aware that normal sugar levels does not mean diabetes disappeared.

Diabetes is not a major killer diseases in the world, but this disease can be a costly disease because the risk of chronic, severe complications, and requires a lot of facilities to control.

Sabtu, 27 Maret 2010

Make Your Hair Look Beautiful

Hair is the crown of each of the women. So many ways by women to get beautiful and healthy hair. But if you are wrong in doing hair care, then the result will not be visible. So there's no harm in you refer a few steps you can take it right to treatment.

If you want to get shiny hair, then rinse the freshly washed hair with a mixture of 2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar with 3 cups of water to avoid smell. This is done to dissolve the residue shampoo and polish dull hair.

For those of you who love coloring hair and want to protect your hair color do need special care. Because when you are outdoors and exposed to sunlight then you should apply a conditioner with no rinse or leave in conditioner to protect hair color.

Want hair looks smoother and more straight day after in-shampoo then you can get by applying pomade before you blow dry hair. Pomade hair mimic natural oils that can smooth the hair.

If you want to create waves in straight hair the easy way, then divide your hair in a wet state into 6 sections. After that Roll up and let each dry by itself. Then release and spray a saline spray.
While for stimulating hair growth and relieve headaches you can do massage with your fingertips. Apply small circular movements along the hair line for at least 30 seconds. Take a large handful of hair and pull gently upwards. Make a fist and hit a light at the scalp about 20 times.

Sabtu, 13 Maret 2010

Cochlear Implant Surgery

HEARING is one of the important things in life.Living without a hearing would feel empty.
Loss of hearing (deaf) refers to the reduction or loss of one's sensitivity to sound.There are two types of deafness. Conductive deafness disorder that is found on the outer or middle ear,
generally treated medically. Sensorineural deafness is damage to the inner ear sensory cells
in or auditory nerve. Damage to the structure or sensory nerves resulted in permanent deafness.

The cochlear implant is a major breakthrough in the field of medicine. Research on cochlea implants have been done since the beginning of the year 1950 and approved by the FDA (Foot and Drug Administration) in the mid-1980s. The cochlea implant is a prosthetic device with internal components installed by surgery and external components that require customization and programming.

Cochlear implants
deliver stimulation directly to the auditory nerve, through the sensory cells are lost or damaged by converting acoustic sound into an electrical pattern, which is then sent to the brain and interpreted as sound.

Cochlear implan
t intended for adults and children who do not get enough benefits from the means of hearing aids available. To determine whether a person can be a candidate cochlea, requires examination and tests by a specialist ear, nose, throat, head neck.

Cochlear implants, coupled with intensive postimplantation therapy, can help young children to acquire speech, language, and social skills. Most children who receive implants are between two and six years old. Early implantation provides exposure to sounds that can be helpful during the critical period when children learn speech and language skills

They make a cochlear implant surgery is easier to use for young patients and adults with a simple process at the implant by the surgeon and the professionals who have extensive experience in this kind of operation.